How To Manage Waste Water Efficiently

By Jonny Blair

Being among the most important resources in the world, fresh water is essential for every living creature including people. The biggest problem is that only 3 percents of the water is fresh and not all of this fresh water is usable, as one part of it is locked in the glaciers and ice caps and the other part is located in remote areas where people cannot use it. Actually, this means that we can use only 0.08 percent of the water to meet our daily needs. Can you imagine the mankind to use just 0.08 percent for drinking, manufacturing, environment, leisure, sanitation, etc?

A recent study conducted in 2007 revealed that over 1.2 billion people around the world suffer from the water scarcity, and they do not have access to water enough to meet their daily needs. Another 1.6 billion of people suffer economically from the water scarcity, i.e. their local authorities cannot satisfy the rising water demand in these areas due to the insufficient investments or lack of human capacity.

More than a half of the world population lives in urban centers, which causes pollution to the nearby natural water sources. This is mainly caused by industrial and urban wastewater; that is why it is critical to develop efficient systems for wastewater treatment. The wastewater itself contains many hazardous pollutants like pathogens and heavy metals, which can seriously treat the health and even life of people, who life in or near the big cities.

People should learn how to properly manage and optimize the fresh water that is why their efforts should be directed at this important initiative. They should collect the harvested rainwater that falls during the wet seasons in large barrels and use it efficiently for agricultural purposes during the periods with no rain. In addition, they should learn how to utilize the groundwater as well, drilling deep wells and using this fresh water for drinking and agriculture. The importance of lakes is also undeniable, as they can provide a lot of collected water to the nearby residents. All these natural water sources should be managed wisely to overcome the water crisis.

The major consumer that uses up to 70 percent of freshwater resources is agriculture. The increasing world population requires more food. As a result the industrial and urban centers expand more and more, so the scarcity of water becomes a major issue in many regions around the world.

Since the water problems are global, we need to follow a global plan for resolving these widespread problems. The following six major strategies should be taken by any individual around the world, who would like to save the life on our planet.

All the data related to the existing water resources should be improved. Our attitude toward our environment should be changed, so all of us know how to protect it from further pollution. Water governance should be reformed to bring results and we need to learn how to use agricultural water efficiently. The growing demand for water in industrial and urban centers should be managed and an access to fresh water should be given to the regions with poor people.

These steps will help us avoid the global water crisis, which treats to be devastating for our planet. The water should be used efficiently in big urban centers and by all kind of industries. This will allow people to direct more water to food production, so that there would be more food for the increasing world population.

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